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              The accompaniment of organ izations million project partners met een Ensen missie (MM in abbreviation) in eastern DR Congo Institutional Development and Organizational Strengthening (DIRO) has also planned site-specific training workshops, self - diagnostics and training workshops on identified needs, based on the identified weaknesses of each partner .

              For the RPD , one of the priority activities chosen for the capac- ity of its members is the training on operations research . As we are less equipped to provide this training, we use a specialist consultant in the person of KAFILONGO MAKY including C urriculum ITAE V (CV) was sent to Mr KEES TON.

              Given that the SPR organized its general assembly at the Saint BARTHELEMY Center in Nyundo , Rwanda, we also considered it necessary to combine certain activities, notably this training in operational research, the SPR antennas feasibility study in Rwanda. three countries in the Great Lakes sub-region with the participation of all focal points of SPR member organizations.


              The program of the first day is as follows   :

-          Presentation of the participants   ;

-          Word of welcome and presentation of the context   ;

-          Word from the President of SPR   ;

-          Opening remarks by the Executive Secretary of Nyundo Sector   ;

-          Presentation of objectives   ;

-          Presentation of the expected results   ;

-          What is operational research   ?

-          Why operational research   ?

-          How is she doing   ?

-          What is the purpose of operational research   ?

-          How can it help to consolidate peace and development   ?




3 .1. Welcome and introduction of participants

              Taking the floor, Mr Alexis KAYITSINGA, representing the welcoming organization, the CDJP / Nyundo welcomed all the participants. He then led the presentation of the participants starting with itself, each participant s e e st then present by giving his name, office, country and organization. Finally, he defined the context for the creation of the SPR at the sub-regional level and gave other information related to the participants' stay at the Nyundo Center . After this presentation, it was found that SPR member associations from three countries are represented although at very different proportions.

3 .2. Word from the President of SPR

              Madame Marie Louise Balagizi welcomed all participants and salu ed the presence of the local authority, the Nyundo Sector Executive Secretary who Proced ed in the solemn opening of our session formatio n. She also spoke briefly of the DI / RO program which , following the self-diagnosis of the RPD, revealed some weaknesses including operational research that will be the subject of capacity building of the participants present here. Finally, she thanked the partner MM through the Consultant BILUBI Mé schac , for its institutional support and the realization of the different meetings of the members of the SPR twice a year in the different border cities of our three countries from the creation until these days.



3 .3. Opening remarks by the Executive Secretary of Nyundo Sector

              Speaking for the occasion, the Executive Secretary welcomed all the participants in the Sector where he is authoritative. While apologizing for not staying long in the meeting because he had to attend a meeting at the district, the Executive Secretary of Nyundo Sector praised the relevance of the theme chosen which should serve them resources as the authority of based and responsible for the revitalization of the peace in the great lakes countries long s bruised by war and where there until these days of insecurity and where s authorities have an important role to play in restoring peace . He gave the example of Joan of Arc who by heroism has achieved its goals and that we too can walk in the same paths with determination. He promised good collaboration as an authority of this administrative entity. This collaboration requires the participation of all of us with the same vision. The good theme you have chosen will help us, as the representative of the Rwandan State , to reinvigorate peace in our Great Lakes subregion . It is by this word that I declare open the training session on the techniques of operational research of the RPD he concluded .


3 .4. Presentation of the objectives of the training by the facilitator

3.4.1. Overall objective   :

              Strengthen the capacity of RPD members in project planning based on the results of a pre-study based on the actual needs of beneficiaries.

3.4.2. Specific objectives   :

  1. The capacity of SPR members on enhanced survey data collection and analysis techniques   ;
  2. The reporting capabilities of the survey results strengthened.

              After the presentation of the objectives pursued by operational research, the facilitator, Mr. KAFILONGO presented the methods used in operational research.

              Before presenting the research methods ope r ational, the facilitator distinguished operational research in two par ties including cell theoretical E is a study that allows solving a problem to decide and that practice is based on programming linear as a solution.

4. The methods of operational research

              To address the different types of linear programming problems, three methods are used in research that are opéationnelle   :

1)      The graphic resolution method   ;

2)      The mathematical method   ;

3)      The simplex method.

              The facilitator has thoroughly explained these methods based on mathematical examples. After considering that the teaching was highly scientific, one participant asked the following question   :

"   How Operational Research Can Contribute to Peace and Reconciliation of Great Lakes People   "   ?              

              To better answer this question, the facilitator focused on the content of basic research while maintaining the title Operational Research .

5. Definition and why operational research

Operational research is done to help solve problems in life or work. It is based on a questionnaire designed and to which the target population must rep o NDRE. The questionnaire presents in the header: the name, the origin, the sex, etc. once the data collected by the questionnaire s are available, operational research will contribute to peace by the fact that it will free nature, the interest and abilities of children from armed groups such as before orient and place them in workshops for m a tion.

              To illustrate how operational research can contribute to peacebuilding and development, the facilitator chose the example of   : "   Family reintegration of children removed from armed groups   ". In this example, the facilitator has defined the steps to follow.

6 . The steps are re seq   :

1.       Set goals   ;

2.       Search information   ;

3.       T reatment information by   ;

                            3.1. Survey Questionnaire   ;

3.2. Collection of data   ;

3.3. Data processing   ;

3.4. Results analysis.

4.       reporting

5.       Popularize the results

6 .1. Set goals   :

              Does the goals of family reintegration is defined which is the reintegration of children from armed groups into civilian life.

6 .2. Search information   : It is made on the basis of lists requested from the military or the organizations concerned.

6 .3. Information processing by   :

-          A survey questionnaire   ;

-          Collection of data   ;

-          Data processing, that is, we interpret them   ;

-          Analysis of the results. At this level, computer processing is used to detect the variables and the input mask is designed for the data collected.

6 .4. Report   : The results of the analysis of the collected data are presented in a report that contains the synthesis tools, namely, tables, graphs, histograms, etc.

6 .5. Popularize the results

              In his explanation, the facilitator démontr ed as 5 steps are reduced in reality s two main steps already knowing the objectives and the last two stages consist of the report and extension. The two main steps which we will hand t oming tackle we are   : the search for information and their treatment.

7 . Search for information

              For the case of our example, the information is searched based on two elements that are   : identity and activities.

7 .1. The identity

              That is to say the elements that facilitate the knowledge of the target (person to be inserted into society). These elements are   : name, first name, gender, age, place of birth, father's name, mother's name, place of residence and grade level when recruiting.

7 .2. Activities

              Here, by activity one seeks to better know the circumstances surrounding recruitment, the circumstances (life) in the armed group and the circumstances of exit / demobilization.

              At this level, a sheet containing the following elements identified by the participants is established, in particular   :

-                      Cause / circumstances   ; - Place of recruitment   ; - Recruited by whom   ? - Name of group and manager   ; - Duration in the group   ; - Activities / functions performed   ; - Type of assault   ; - Bad treatment   ; - Bad habits acquired in the group   ; - Date and place of demobilization   ; - Type of demobilization (voluntary / forced)   ; - Causes of demobilization   ; - Choice of activity to practice   ; - Passage through a transit center   ; - Psychosocial care before reintegration   ;

              After all the information, the children concerned are grouped by   : - Age and gender at the time of recruitment   ; - The place of recruitment   ; - The parental situation   ;

              Children leaving armed groups are identified by identity and activities, they are admitted to the Transit Center where they are grouped according to   : - The sex   ; - Recruitment circumstances   ; - Bad habits in the group.

              Recruitment circumstances and bad habits are two prerequisites for psychosocial monitoring in the center.

8 . Information processing  

              In data processing, the information is classified according to different aspects , for example :

-          Advantage in the armed movement (the role played)   ;

-          The duration in the movement   ;

-          Types of treatment suffered   ;

-          Types of activities   ;

-          Wish of the child (free choice of activity)   ;

-          Attitude of the host family.

              At this stage, each question is analyzed and others are crossed by frequency to achieve good results. At this level, the BILUBI Consultant intervenes and informs the participants that in project management, it is at this stage that the needs and the beneficiaries are analyzed for each activity.


Evaluation of the day













Respect of time

Behavior of participants





Day 2   : FRIDAY, 24/10/2014

              This day started with a hymn in Kinyar u anda , followed by a short prayer, followed by the rapporteur's reading of yesterday's activities and the continuation of the program by the facilitator.

9 . Data processing (continued)

              The facilitator continued his presentation on data processing by the EPI INFO software in an input mask designed to do this. He then asked the participants to group and design a survey questionnaire on social and family reintegration of children formerly armed group s s. Before getting there, the facilitator insisted and gave the tips below   :

1)      The question must be well put to the interviewer and the interviewee understands the nt   ;

2)      Investigators must be credible in the community   ;

3)      The questionnaire must be tested in the office to detect errors, and correct them before the field trip   ;

4)      The questionnaire must be translated into the local language to facilitate the understanding of the interviewers and respondents.

              The EPI INFO software is easy to handle and allows error correction either by the investigator or by the controller in the field or office and at any time.

              The facilitator further explains the table where the data collected is introduced based on two essential elements including identity and activities   :







Location / Nce
















              To complete his training, the facilitator gave by explaining for the report of collection, analysis and data processing, the combinations below (a staff of 251 people for example)   :

1) Identity

    1. Number of recruits by age and gender   ;
    2. Number of recruits by gender and place of recruitment   ;
    3. Number by place of birth and place of recruitment   ;
    4. Number per parental situation   :

-    Living parents   ;

-    Deceased parents   ;

-    Separated parents   ;

-    Father alive and mother deceased   ;

-    Living mother and dead father.

2) Activities

1.       Age activity   :

-    Activity by place of recruitment   ;

-    Age by duration of activity   ;

-    Location by duration of activities   ;

-    Groups by activities.

2.       Bad treatment   :

-    By age   ;

-    By genre   ;

-    Activity by sex   ;

3.       Choice of activities   :

-    By age

-    By sex

4.       Type of mobilization by age and sex   ;

5.       Passage to the center by sex and age   ;

6.       Support by age, sex, type of activity, treatment and habits   ;

7.       Attitudes of host families by activities, gender and age.

All data collected in this way are analyzed in two ways   :

1)      Frequency   : how many children of such age, place   ?

2)      Crossed tables   : choice of activity by age.

After analyzing the data, a report is also produced by frequency and cross-tabulations.

At the end of this training session, all the participants expressed their satisfaction with applause, promising to move on to the practice of concepts learned on their return to their respective countries.


Done at Nyundo on 25/10/2014


The Consultant / Adviser to MM



Adresse de la SPR

N° 159, Bâtiment Mujanga, sur avenue Patrice Emery Lumumba, quartier Ndendere, à Nyawera entre le bureau ORANGE et VISION SHALA TV, commune d'Ibanda, ville de Bukavu en province du Sud-Kivu

Design by Emile Akon.